Weaving Feminist Political Action

Weaving Feminist Political Action

This paper, developed by Badael, is an invitation for rethinking and reimagining the Syrian peace process. It presents a consolidated vision of effective inclusion, enumerating feasible and actionable steps that women’s political […]

Digital Safety Is A Right

Digital Safety Is A Right

This report, developed by Syrian Female Journalists Network (SFJN) highlights the types of digital violence faced by Syrian journalists and women human rights defenders, based on the results of a […]

The Humanitarian Impact of Drones

Cover of the Humanitarian Impact of Drones report

This report looks at the implications of a world where drones are becoming the new normal, including the gender implications and psychological implications, from the perspective of those who operate […]


Bullying is any abusive practice or behaviour directed by an individual or group of individuals towards another individual or group. Bullying can be considered a form of harassment that is more frequent and systematic. It aims not only to violate the receiving party, but also to belittle them. Bullying is characterised by being targeted at a person or group of people, while harassment need not be targeted.


Harassment/Taharrush is a group of unwanted abusive practices that are threatening to the recipient by their very nature. Unlike bullying, harassment need not be targeted. It may take place directly or indirectly, so that it creates an atmosphere of distress, heaviness, and insecurity.


Assault is any actual or attempted aggressive act that deliberately violates or threatens the physical space of an individual or group. It is often believed that assault is limited to direct physical violations only, but as a concept it also includes indirect infringement on personal space.


Exploitation occurs when a person or group of people uses their power, status, or positionality for personal benefit through the use of force, duress, violence, coercion, deceit, or trickery that causes direct or indirect harm to another person or group of people, or to public interest.

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